Wednesday, May 30, 2018

Florida favorites

In swampy areas throughout the state, one can find the
spectacular Hibiscus coccineus growing at the edge of
swamps.
.It may seem that I spend more time among the mountains of the west or even more exotic locations, but I have of course been living and teaching in Florida for over 40 years, and I have accumulated some nice photos from this fine state as well!  I have already shared my favorite carnivorous plants of Florida, and here are few of my other favorites.

In Florida, one does not go up the side of a mountain to find different habitats, nor follow changing climatic conditions to go from forest to desert. Here, however, just a few feet of elevational difference can thrust one into a different community.  Florida might be described as an elongate swamp surrounded by beaches. That's an oversimplification, of course.  There are hilly areas, mostly old piles of sand, and vast flat areas that flood some times in the year and are dry at other times, but all of these may be fairly close together.  Within the short distance of 50 feet, one can go from sandhill vegetation, through pine flatwoods, and down into a cypress swamp.

Florida lies over limestone, which is exposed in some areas, particularly in the south, and occasionally in sinkholes.  Here one finds different, lime-tolerant plants.

Hibiscus grandiflorus is another of the 12 species
of hibiscus to occur in Florida.  It also is found at
the edge of swamps, sometimes not far from its
bright red cousin.


Florida is also a fairly long state, and from north to south, one can go from an essentially Appalachian flora, with meadows filled with the eastern red columbine, to the nearly tropical everglades and keys in the south, where a number of native palms dwell.  It is indeed an exciting state botanically.
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The eastern red columbine, Aquilegia canadensis,
is found in meadows over limestone in the far north
of the state.
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Lilium catesbaei blooms in moist meadows in the Fall.

Ipomoea cordatotriloba is one of many wild
morning glories in Florida.



Lycopodiella cernua has no flowers, but makes a
dramatic appearance in wet meadows
and pond edges.

Scutellaria arenicola is a member of the mint family,
(Lamiaceae)

The non-vining Clematis baldwinii (Ranunculaceae)
occurs in pine flatwoods.

Clematis reticulata grows in the dry soil of the
sandhill community.

Clematis crispa grows in wet soil along rivers and swamps.

Crinum americanum (Amaryllidaceae) grows in swamps, along with the floating water fern, Salvinia.

Like its spectacular cultivated cousin, the wild poinsettia,
Euphorbia cyathophora, has brightly colored bracts surrounding
clusters of tiny flowers. Photo by Glenn Fleming

Bidens laevis is one of many members of the sunflower family.  This one
grows in swamps and river margins.

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Liatris aspera is a member of the sunflower family,
but with rather loose flower heads. it blooms in
the Fall.
Sabatia is a genus of the Gentian family.

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

The other paradise

As the access road winds its way up to
Hurricane Ridge, one can glimpse
Lilium columbianum in sunny clearings.
For wildflower lovers, the entire state of Washington is a paradise.  I previously
reported on the specific place on Mt. Rainier that is called Paradise, and today I move across Puget Sound to the Greek version of plant heaven, Mt. Olympus.  The easily accessible part of this paradise is called Hurricane Ridge.  I know the name doesn't sound that heavenly, but in terms of wildflowers it definitely qualifies.
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You would rightfully expect that many of the same wildflowers would be found in Olympic National Park as in Mt. Rainier National Park, but in my many visits, I've found some different gems, and some of the old favorites are worth repeating.
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My old favorite, Aquilegia formosana,
also graces clearings on the mountainside.
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.Even before arriving at Hurricane Ridge, flowers abound in roadside clearings and meadows, including columbia lilies, red columbines, and checkered lilies.
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Fritillaria lanceolata, the checkered lily.
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Once at the Hurricane Ridge parking lot, spectacular views of the Olympic Mountains open up, and the lush flower garden of the alpine meadow lies before us.




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Mt. Olympus and the other peaks of the central range lie directly across the valley from Hurricane Ridge.
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A young buck enjoys the meadow as well.














Avalanche lilies, Erythronium montanum, dot the meadow
soon after the snow melts.
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Avalanche lilies poke up through the prostrate branches of 
an alpine .















Brilliant blue delphiniums and orange Indian paint brush (Castilleja sp.) splash across the meadow.









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Delphinum glareosum is common on Hurricane Ridge.































A wild onion, probably Allium
crenulatum
can be found in Olympic
meadows.




Butter-and-eggs, Linaria vulgaris, is
common throughout western mountains.
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The yellow Erysimum arenicola (Brassicaceae) pops up among heathers and other shrubs on the high mountain slopes.


Douglasia laevigata (Primulaceae), the cliff dwarf primrose.



Phlox diffusa (Polemoniaceae)








Potentilla flabelliformis (Rosaceae)


Rhododendron albiflorum (Ericaceae)

Arenaria capillaris (Caryophyllaceae), the
slender mountain sandwort

Phacelia sericea (Hydrophyllaceae)

Phyllodoce empetriformis (Ericaceae),
an alpine heather.

The marmot is another high mountain resident.

The alpine fir, Abies lasiocarpa, is the main tree that survives
the harsh conditions of Hurricane Ridge.

Penstemon procerus (in the family
formerly known as Scrophulariaceae)

A rare sight is this colony of slime mold creeping across the
forest floor.

Campanula rotundifolia (Campanulaceae)
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Eriophyllum lanatum (Asteraceae)
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Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Colorado favorites

As I go through my thousands of old slides, I keep discovering forgotten treasures.  This time, I bring you a batch taken on a family vacation to Colorado twenty years ago.  Most of these are from the high semi-desert scrublands, edges of the great plains, or the lower foothills of the state, and represent an informal transect from Albuquerque, New Mexico to Rocky Mountain National Park.  Recall that we are already almost a mile high as we approach the actual mountains.  Surprisingly, only a few species were found in the high alpine meadows during this August trip.
The bright red flowers of Sphaeralcea coccinea (Hibiscus
Family, Malvaceae) have brush-like masses of stamens
that dust the heads of the hummingbirds as they
probe for nectar within the center of the flower.

Summer is a great time for wildflowers in Colorado, even in the lower, drier areas, as there is summer rain there.  In California at this time the wildflower show has already retreated to the high alpine meadows. So we see many amazing things, including bright red blossoms of
Sphaeralcea and
Ipomopsis, indicating that many hummingbirds must be passing through the state.
The Garden of the Gods, near Colorado Springs, provides some of the most striking scenery in Colorado, and a good place for wildflowers.

One of the common yellow evening
primroses, probably Oenothera villosa
(Onagraceae).

Commonly known as "Butter and Eggs,"
Linaria vulgaris is a common, though
exotic, relative of the Snapdragon.
The red flowers of Ipomopsis aggregata, in the Phlox Family (Polemoniaceae) hang downward in order to exclude nectar feeders other than the agile hummingbirds.
Liatris punctata (Asteraceae).

Ratibida columnifera (Asteraceae).




Wild sunflowers, Helianthus annuus, occupy an open roadside. Note that the light is coming from behind the flowers, dispelling the myth that sunflowers turn during the day to follow the sun.


Geranium caespitosum provides a daintier decoration for open
fields.

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Mentzelia multiflora (Loasaceae) has some of the largest
individual flowers in the southwest, looking almost like a small
waterlily. 

Some common western species of the genus Verbena, called Blue Vervain,
have thick, spike-like inflorescences.  This appears to be V. stricta or V. hastata,
callled Blue Vervain, is common in the prairies.
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Erysimum asperum is a member of the
mustard family, Brassicaceae.

Harebells, Campanula rotundifolia,
are a common sight in many parts of the
west.

Verbena bracteata 

Geranium richardsonii
Thlaspi montanum, called Candytuft or Mountain
Pennycress, is in the mustard family (Brassicaceae)
The oxeye daisy, Leucanthemum
vulgare
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Gentianopsis thermalis provides an elegant surprise in the
"lowlands" of Colorado.


The flowers of Pedicularis groenlandica (Orobanchaceae) have
always reminded me of little elephant heads.

Pedicularis racemosa has quite a different appearance from
it's elephant-headed cousin.

Convolvulus arvensis is a common member of the Morning
Glory Family.
Verbascum thapus flowers close-up.


Verbascum thapus, the common mullein, is found in the lower
mountain areas.



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Where the trees end, the alpine meadows begin. Flowers are mostly
whites and yellows here late in the season.
Cerastium beeringianum forms patches throughout the
meadows.

Castilleja occidentalis makes itself home in
the high alpine meadows of the western
mountains.

Geum rossii (Rosaceae) provides bright splashes
of yellow in the meadow.
Sedum debile  (Crassulaceae) fills in spaces between large boulders.
Sedum debile flowers close-up. This species has rounded
leaves, as opposed to the pointed leaves of S. lanceolatum,
which is also found in the Rocky Mountains.